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Dec. 15, 2020
What Is Denim Fabric?
Denim is one of the most iconic fabrics in the world. When you say the word "jeans," everyone around you knows what you're talking about. Denim is popular in both national and cultural circles, and the deinm jean has become a symbol of American culture around the world.
The term "denim" comes from Serge de Nimes in France, referring to a special type of fabric produced in the French town of Nimes. Over time, the warp face cotton weave style became more and more popular throughout the region, and the popularity spread to neighboring Italy.
Genoa quickly became the world's largest producer of Serge de Nimes. As Genoa was known as' Genes' in France, the name 'jeans' stalled when the fabric made a comeback during the US gold rush.
Gold miners like the durability and repairability of denim woven cotton, and despite the widespread use of other dye colors in the Western United States, manufacturers like Levi Strauss still use indigo, a dye that Genoa fabric merchants initially turned to out of necessity.
Denim fabric has been widely used in jeans since the 1850s. No piece of clothing stands as well in American culture as blue jeans, making that Levi jeans in your closet a relic.
Over time, American textile manufacturers began to use denim for other clothing, and now you can even buy home decor products made from this durable and aesthetically pleasing fabric. Although production of blue jeans was once limited to the United States, the manufacturing exodus in the late 20th century sent most denim production overseas.
There are so many variations in denim that can't be listed and have become confused with other fabrics and knitting styles as designers try to develop the latest trends in denim fashion. Still, the traditional Levi 501s has gained worldwide popularity, and a niche industry has emerged around "raw denim", which is part of every hipster's jargon book. Global interest in denim remains strong and the weaving process is likely to continue as long as cotton remains the main textile product.
The production of denim products needs to go through several stages:
The denim production process begins with the planting of cotton. As a protective measure, the plant grows by forming a fibrous mass of coarse fibers around its small black seeds, which can be collected and separated from the seeds to make a fabric.
Clean cotton fibers are carded and made into long thin strings. They are then spun into yarn by industrial machines. Throughout the process, a variety of washes, dyes, or treatments may be used that alter the properties of the finished denim.
Once the yarns are produced and dyed, they are woven into the iconic textured denim style. The fabric is usually produced with bolts and can be purchased from the yard and molded into the finished consumer product.
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